The verb “mancare” when referring to people, works like “piacere“: the indirect object misses the subject.
- Io [subject] non le [indirect object] manco. (She does not miss me.)
We experience modal verbs (or “helper verbs”) for the first time in this lesson. These are verbs which precede the infinitive of another verb, thus indicating a mode. They can take on different meanings in different tenses:
POTERE (as learned in a previous lesson meaning “to be able to” or “can”)
- Posso uscire? (May I go out?)
- Posso suonare la chitarra. (I can play the guitar.)
- Ho potuto spedire il pacco. (I was able to mail the package.)
- Non sono potuti venire più presto. (They could not come earlier, but they tried.)
VOLERE (as learned in a previous lesson meaning “to want”)
- Luca vuole imparare l’inglese. (Luca wants to learn English.)
- Ho voluto farlo. (I wanted to do it. -OR- I decided to do it.)
- Marco non ha voluto finirlo. (Mark didn’t want to do it. -OR- Mark refused to do it.)
DOVERE (as learned in a previous lesson meaning “to have to” or “must”)
- Che cosa devo fare? (What should I do?)
- Dovrei finire i miei compiti. (I should/ought to finish my homework.)
However, it could be useful to know that when used with a second verb in the infinitive, the former takes the preposition a and the latter takes the preposition di.
- Ho provato a aprire la scatola. (I tried to open the box.)
- Ho tentato di aprire la scatola, ma … (I attempted to open the box, but …)
The Italian prefix ri- sometimes corresponds to the English re-, which when combined with a verb means to repeat something.
- ripagare (to repay)
- ridire (to say again)
- rileggere (to reread)
- riscrivere (to rewrite)
- ricontrollare (to check again)
|unire||to unite, combine|
|perdere||to lose, misplace|
|costruire||to construct, build|
|rispondere||to respond, answer|
|scegliere||to select, choose|
|mancare||to miss, lack|
|dimostrare||to demonstrate, show|
|incontrare||to encounter, meet|
|controllare||to check, verify|
|bastare||to be enough|
|durare||to endure, last|
|cercare||to search for|
You say dovere was in a previous lesson. But it doesn’t appear to be in any previous lesson as far as I can tell.
That is a good catch, thank you! I guess I had assumed dovere was in Present 1, just as potere and volere had been as well.
Instead of changing the text here, I am going to add dovere to the word list in Present 1, as it really should be there in my opinion. Thanks again!
It is done now. Added dovere to the word list on that page and also to the corresponding Quizlet page as well.
to cross is attraversare
Thanks for pointing out the typo. It has been corrected.