(by DuoItalian)

The Subjunctive Perfect (congiuntivo passato) tense is formed by combining the following:

[Present Subjunctive of Essere/Avere + Past Participle]

Whether it requires essere or avere, depends on the verb. Transitive verbs require the auxiliary avere. Intransitive and/or Reflexive verbs require the auxiliary essere.

  • Spero che non abbia piovuto. (I hope that it hasn’t rained.)
  • Non credo che siano andati in Italia. (I don’t believe they went to Italy.)
  • Sembra che Giorgio abbia cambiato (It seems that Giorgio has changed jobs.)
  • Sofia pensa che Maria sia partita ieri per la Germania. (Sofia thinks that Maria left for Germany yesterday.)

The subjunctive perfect follows the same rules in regard to avere and essere as the present, past, future, and conditional perfect.

→ Click here for a brief explanation: AVERE or ESSERE?

TIP: You may notice from the examples above and the practice list below, that the Subjunctive Perfect tense very often follows conjunctions built with che (that).

(by DuoItalian)
che tu sia venutothat you have come
che abbia fattothat he has done
che abbia potutothat he has been able
che abbia avutothat he has had
che sia statothat he has been
che sia andatothat he has gone
che abbia trovatothat he has found
che io abbia dettothat I have said
che loro abbiano saputothat they knew
che abbia volutothat he has wanted
che abbia vistothat he has seen
che io abbia conosciutothat I have known
che abbia datothat he has given
che abbia pensatothat he has thought
che tu abbia parlatothat you had spoken
che abbia presothat he has taken
che abbia messothat he has put
che sia arrivatathat she has arrived
che abbia portatothat he has brought
che abbia lasciatothat he has left
che loro siano diventatithat they have become
che abbia credutothat he has believed
che loro abbiano capitothat they have understood
che tu abbia tenutothat you have kept
che abbia sentitothat he has heard
che abbia chiestothat he has asked
che tu sia rimastothat you have stayed
che abbiamo passatothat we have passed
che abbia lavoratothat he has worked
che abbia usatothat he has used
che abbia vissutothat he has lived
che sia entratathat she has entered
che abbiamo ricordatothat they have remembered
che abbia chiamatothat he has called
che abbia apertothat he has opened
che loro abbiano seguitothat they have followed
che vi sia piacutathat you (all) have liked
che tu abbia aspettatothat you have waited
che tu abbia guardatothat you have watched
che sia mortathat she has died


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